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Trace Element Removal in Distributed Drinking Water Treatment Systems by Cathodic H2O2 Production and UV Photolysis
Authors: Barazesh,J., Prasse, C., Wenk,J., Berg S., Remucal, C., and Sedlak, D.
Environmental Science & Technology Journal, January 2018
As water scarcity intensifies, point-of-use and point-of entry treatment may provide a means of exploiting locally available water resources that are currently considered to be unsafe for human consumption. Removal of toxic trace elements via adsorption onto iron oxides is an inexpensive and robust treatment method; however, the presence of metal-complexing ligands associated with natural organic matter (NOM) often prevents the formation of iron precipitates at the relatively low concentrations of dissolved iron typically present in natural water sources, thereby requiring the addition of iron which complicates the treatment process and results in a need to dispose of relatively large amounts of accumulated solids. A point-of-use treatment device consisting of a cathodic cell that produced hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) followed by an ultraviolet (UV) irradiation chamber was used to decrease colloid stabilization and metal-complexing capacity of NOM present in groundwater.
Barazesh,J., Prasse, C., Wenk,J., Berg S., Remucal, C., and Sedlak, D. “Trace Element Removal in Distributed Drinking Water Treatment Systems by Cathodic H2O2 Production and UV Photolysis.” In Environmental Science & Technology, 52 (1), 195-204, 2018.